: Russia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Nicaraguay, North Korea
: Started Political life as an S.F.I. activist during Emergency period and served as Kannur District President, Secretary, State President and All India Joint Secretary of S.F.I.; assaulted by police while participating in students agitations led by S.F.I.; was Area Secretary, C.P.I.(M), Sreekandapuram: Member, C.P.I.(M) District Secretariat and District Committee, Kannur; Member: Calicut University Senate, Kannur University Syndicate, and Kannur District Panchayat; Standing Committee Chairman, District Panchayat, Kannur.Chairman,House Committee in 14th KLA.