: U.S.S.R., China, Mongolia, England, Bahrain, Abu Dhabi
: Administrative Reforms Commission Chairman. joined State Congress in 1939; became member of the Communist Party in 1940; Organized Coir Factory Workers, Toddy Workers, Agricultural Labourers etc. Was founder of Travancore Karshaka Thozhilali Union, the erstwhile form of Kerala State Karshaka Thozhilali Union.Was, Secretary, C.P.I.(M) State Committee (1980 - 1992); Convenor L.D.F. (1996 - 2000); Leader of Opposition (1992 - 1996 , 2001 - 2006 & 2011-2016); Chief Minister (2006-2011).